北美网购合理避免消费税Sales-Tax攻略

关于北美的消费税(Sales Tax),大家一定要注意的是,每家商店的标价都是不包含当地的消费税的,在你Checkout的时候,他们才会计算你的消费税,网站上购物也是如此,但是通过网站购物是有可能合理避免消费税的。

那么怎样才能合理避免消费税呢,还是简单说一下北美的税费制度。以美国为例,美国有很多的州,而且每个州都有不同的法律,消费税也是如此,不同州的消费税也是不相同的,甚至有时候同一个州不同的城市的消费税也不一样,而有些州却没有消费税,比如OREGON(俄勒冈州),DELAWARE(特拉华州)。

如果你是在实体店的商城购物的话,那么你是几乎不可能避免缴纳消费税的,除非你是在免税州消费。而网上购物,相对就复杂一点,有的要付税,有的不用付。但是有一点比较肯定的是,只要不在州内交易,就不用交销售税。所以在你网上购物的时候需要注意的就是如何避免在州内交易,这样就有可能省去不少的消费税,尤其是生活在消费税较高的区域的朋友。以下是一些实用的技巧:

  • 你选择的网上商城最好和你的发运地址不在同一个州或省内。比如你的邮寄地址在California(消费税是7.25% - 10.25%),如果你网购的商家在其它州,比如New Jersey,那么你应该是不用付消费税了。但是有好多美国大的网上商城,特别是那些有实体店的商城比如Home Depot,他们的分支机构比较多,所以你会发现他们发往其它好多州的货物都要收取消费税,因为根据规定,任何商城只要在当地有营业机构,那么在他们的网站购物就需要收取消费税,所以购物的时候在网上查明那些州需要缴税,哪些州是不需要缴纳的,一般他们的网站都会有说明。还有就是在你Checkout付款之前,你也能看到你的消费税的金额
    下面我们来看一个实例的解析:
    一个住在美国California州的朋友要买一块男士浪琴(LONGINES)表,售价是$1,956.45。如果在本地实体店购买,需要再付$1,956.45 x 7.25% = $141.05的消费税(Sales Tax)。
    然而,如果在有4%现金返还(Cashback)的UnbeatableSale购买的话,不仅可以免付$141.05(7.25%)的消费税(因为该网店的唯一注册地是在New Jersey州),还可以拿到$78.26(4%)的Cashback,再加上信用卡给的$39.13(2%)的返点,总共可以节省$259.23(13.25%),这可是一笔不小的数目,如果每次网购的时候耐心地做一些筹算,每年真的能节省大量的钱财
  • 美国有些州有特定的免税日,就是说你在这几天内购物的话,是可以免除消费税,比如德克萨斯州一年一度的夏季免税日。在这3天里,消费者购买100美元以下的衣服和鞋子,以及一些文具都是免税的。
  • 将货物发到免税州的地址,比如你找一个转运公司,在他们那里注册一个免税州的地址,然后将货物发运到那里,他们会将货物转发给你,当然你也可以自己上门取货,但是这种服务都要收取一定的手续费还有就是你要考虑运输成本。

最后和大家说一下的就是,北美正在酝酿对网络购物,邮寄购物和电视购物的税费改革,也就是“在线税收政策”,该法案已经讨论了长达10几年了。该法案的规定是,网上商城应根据每个州的税收情况在线收取消费税,每个州应当及时的和在线商城保持税收的一致性,通过网上商城来收取消费税,因为现行的税费给传统的零售业的冲击很大,而且对北美政府的税收收入的冲击很大,但是该法案还没有被通过,如果该法案通过,你可以合理避税的途径就比较少,那就是将你的货物发到免税州,或者发到州税比较低的州。

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